武道学研究 2023 年 55 巻 2 号 p. 81-95
著者：小崎 亮輔, 棟田 雅也, 佐々木 康允, 小澤 雄二, 濱田 初幸
キーワード: 質的研究, 運動療育, 放課後等デイサービス, 半構造化インタビュー, SCAT
An interview-based survey was conducted with judo therapy instructors to investigate the effects of judo therapy provided for children who go to after-school daycare. Each of the four representative judo instructors interviewed performed judo instruction during after-school daycare at one of four institutions. Orally collected data were transcribed into text form. A qualitative analysis of the content and effects of judo therapy was then conducted using the SCAT (Systemic Cause Analysis Technique).
All four judo instructors interviewed were dan-holders certified by the Kodokan Judo Institute, and three had been active as instructors for a relatively long time.
At all four institutions, the judo therapy content was similar to general judo training content. The institutions were classified by whether or not they offered randori (free-style sparring practice).
The effects of judo therapy were classified, using the KJ method. A total of 93 low-level items were identified, which were then summarized as 22 mid-level items, which were organized under three high-level categories: social, physical, and psychological. Thus, the main effects of judo therapy were social, physical, and psychological. Numerous intervention effects that make social life less problematic were identified among items in the “Social” category. Numerous elements that enable daycare-using children to control their own impulses more effectively were identified among items in the “Psychological” category. Some items in the “Physical” category indicate that judo therapy can improve exercise capability and increase muscular strength.
The results suggest that as an intervention, judo therapy may contribute to helping children with developmental and cognitive disabilities resolve some of the difficulties they suffer.